ព័ត៌មានក្ដីៗពី វិទ្យុ សំឡេងកម្ពុជាក្រោម (VOICE OF KAMPUCHEA-KROM)
Thursday, August 21, 2014
Cambodia parliament denies chief's promise to punish Khmer Krom activists for protesting against Vietnam
Cambodia parliament denies chief's promise to punish Khmer Krom activists for protesting against Vietnam
PHNOM PENH, Aug. 20 (Xinhua) -- A spokesman for the Cambodian Parliament on Wednesday strongly denied that the country's Parliament chief Heng Samrin has promised Vietnam to take strict measures to punish ethnic Khmer Krom activists who had held protests against a Vietnamese diplomat.
The denial came after Vietnamese media reported Monday that during a meeting with Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung in Hanoi on Monday, Heng Samrin regretted that Khmer Krom activists burned a Vietnamese flag in protests in Cambodia's Phnom Penh last week and reportedly said this was an action of a group of " extremists."
The Vietnamese media also reported that Heng Samrin had stated that "Cambodia had strict measures to handle the action and promised to prevent similar actions from happening again."
"I vehemently deny these media reports," Cambodian Parliament's spokesman Chheang Vun, chairman of the Parliament's Foreign Affairs Commission, said at a press conference on Wednesday after Heng Samrin returned from a visit to Vietnam.
He said during the meeting with Nguyen Tan Dung, Heng Samrin had diplomatically expressed regrets over the protests in front of the Vietnamese Embassy, but said protests were common in Cambodia because the country adhered to the multi-party liberal democratic regime.
"Cambodia is different from Vietnam, we cannot ban protests," Chheang Vun said. "We allow freedom of expression under the framework of the law."
The spokesman also denied that Heng Samrin had called Khmer Krom protesters "extremists."
"We have never considered our people protesting in front of the Vietnamese Embassy as extremists," he said.
Hundreds of ethnic Khmer Krom monks and activists had staged several protests in front of the Vietnamese Embassy in Phnom Penh in the past weeks after embassy spokesman Tran Van Thong commented via the radio in June that south Vietnam, or former Kampuchea Krom provinces, belonged to Vietnam long before colonial France's official transfer of the land in 1949.
Protesters demanded an apology from the spokesman and urged him to accept the "true history" of the former Kampuchea Krom provinces, but the spokesman and the Vietnamese government ignored the request and accused the protesters of interfering into Vietnam 's internal affairs.
French protectorate officially turned over the former Kampuchea Krom provinces, once Cambodian territory, to neighboring Vietnam on June 4, 1949.
ដោយ ថាច់ ប្រីជា គឿន l សារព័ត៌មាន ព្រៃនគរ
ប្រព័ន្ធឃោសនារបស់រដ្ឋាភិបាលបក្សកុម្មុយនិស្តវៀតណាម ជាប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយមួយដែលមានជំនាញខាងនាំដំ ណឹងបោកប្រាស់ប្រជាជនយួនខ្លួនឯង អ្នកយកព័ត៌មានក្បត់នឹងក្រមសីលធម៌វិជ្ជាជីវៈសារព័ត៌មានដែលគិតតែពី ជួយបំភ្លៃការពិតជំនួស ឲ្យរដ្ឋាភិបាលបក្សកុម្មុយនិស្តយួន ។ ទង្វើបោកប្រាស់របស់ប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយរដ្ឋវៀតណាម ជាផ្លូវមួយច្រានប្រជាជនយួនខ្លួនឯងឲ្យធ្លាក់ចុះក្នុងរណ្ដៅមរណៈនៃភាពល្ងង់ខ្លៅគ្មានថ្ងៃងើបមុខរួចឡើយ ។ ម្យ៉ាង ទៀតការដែលប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្ វផ្សាយរដ្ឋយួន ជំនាញបោកប្រាស់ និងកាឡៃនេះហើយ ទើបប្រទេសវៀតណាមបណ្ដុះបាន ពូជមនុស្សបោកប្រាស់ និងពូជអ្នកនិយាយកាឡៃជាច្រើនទូទាំងប្រទេស ដូចជា លោក ត្រឹង វ៉ាំង ថុង ជាដើម ដែល នាំឲ្យពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរធ្វើបាតុកម្ មប្រឆាំងរឿង បំភ្លៃប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រទូទាំងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ។ ការដែលថា ប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយរដ្ឋ វៀតណាមជាអ្នកនាំដំណឹងបោកប្រាស់នោះ គេអាចដឹងបានតាមរយៈការផ្សាយរបស់ទូរទស្សន៍ជាតិយួនទាក់ទង នឹងរឿងរ៉ាវបាតុករខ្មែរដុតទង់ ជាតិយួនប៉ុ ន្មានថ្ងៃកន្លង ទៅនេះថា លោក ហេង សំរិន ប្រធានសភាជាតិខ្មែរបាន សន្យាថា នឹងចាត់វិធានការលើអ្នកដុតទង់ជាតិវៀតណាម តែក្រោយមក លោក ឈាង វុន បានបដិសេធដំណឹង នេះ ហើយថា លោក ហេង សំរិន មិនបាន និយាយយ៉ាងនេះទេ ។
A day after National Assembly president Heng Samrin assured Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung in Hanoi that the government would take strict measures to quell further “extremist” Khmer Krom protests, Foreign Minister Hor Namhong reportedly told demonstration leaders yesterday that the government shared their concerns.
Observers have said the differing statements highlight attempts by the ruling Cambodian People’s Party to walk a diplomatic tightrope by distancing itself from widespread ire towards Vietnam, while at the same time avoiding giving offence to the party’s historical partner.
According to the leaders of groups invited to a private meeting at Namhong’s office yesterday afternoon, the foreign minister asked activists to postpone protests outside the Vietnamese Embassy – which occurred for three consecutive days last week – in order to allow time for a solution to be found.
Namhong said that although the government had passed petitions on to Vietnam on behalf of demonstrators, it was still waiting for a response, the activists said.
But according to Sok Sothea of the Khmer Youth Alliance for Democracy, the minister had also agreed with protesters that Vietnam “could not change history”.
Students, monks and Khmer Krom activists have been calling on an embassy spokesman to apologise for saying Vietnam had enjoyed sovereignty over the former Kampuchea Krom provinces in what is now lower Vietnam long before they were ceded by the French in 1949.
Demonstrators burned a flag during a protest outside the embassy last week, earning a swift rebuke from the Vietnamese Foreign Ministry, which called on Phnom Penh to take action to stop the “perverse” behaviour.
That was backed up by Nguyen directly to Samrin on Monday. According to Vietnamese media reports, Samrin painted the protesters as aligned with fringe, extremist groups in response.
But Foreign Minister Namhong “told us that burning flags during demonstrations is normal in a democratic country”, youth group leader Sothea said of yesterday’s meeting.
“Throughout the meeting, the government expressed the will to support our activities.… We accept their request to postpone protests, but our stance is still to demand that [Vietnam] apologise to Cambodian people and recognise history.”
Thach Setha, an opposition party official who attended the meeting as head of the Khmer Kampuchea Krom Community, confirmed that Namhong had delivered a positive message.
“The meeting was based in the spirit of Khmer and Khmer, and the government has not ignored our protests, because history cannot be changed,” he said.
That message was very different from the one reportedly delivered by Samrin to Nguyen.
“Samrin said the government of Cambodia regretted the incident and said it was perpetrated by a small group of extremists who were provoked by individuals who suffer a warped sense of history,” Vietnam’s Thanh Nien newspaper reported.
“He added that he and the Cambodian parliament were displeased with the action and have since taken strict measures to prevent similar actions.”
Neither Foreign Ministry spokesman Koy Kuong nor several ruling party lawmakers could be reached for comment.
On Friday, Interior Ministry spokesman Khieu Sopheak defended the demonstrators on radio, saying they were “simply expressing their opinions in a democratic country”.
“Cambodia is different from Vietnam.… Cambodia allows freedom of expression under the framework of the law,” he told Radio Free Asia.
Many Cambodian nationalists praised the comments, as did Cambodia National Rescue Party leader Sam Rainsy.
But political commentator Ou Virak yesterday said the government was “pandering” to whichever audience it was facing over the issue, adding that Samrin and Namhong’s differing messages would have been part of a “calculated move”.
“I think the embassy spokesperson is putting the government in a very difficult situation,” he said. “I think the CPP is pretty reluctant to condemn the Vietnam government because of the long-term relationship. They are in a very tough position.”
Mao Pises, who leads the Federation of Cambodian Intellectuals and Students, which helped organise the protests, said despite the mixed messages, demonstrators “will wait and see” what happens.
“I think, in the end, the Cambodian government will not do as the Vietnamese government wants them to do, because I know they are clever and they will not follow,” he said.
“Then again, Mr Heng Samrin might have some pressure from the Vietnamese … personally, and also he cannot say anything. He just says ‘yes, yes, yes’ to whatever they request.”
មន្ត្រីជាន់ខ្ពស់គណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា នៅរសៀលថ្ងៃទី២០ ខែសីហា បដិសេធចំពោះការលើកឡើងរបស់បណ្ដាញសារព័ត៌មានវៀតណាម និងបរទេសមួយចំនួន ដែលបានលើកឡើងថា ប្រធានរដ្ឋសភាកម្ពុជា លោក ហេង សំរិន ប្រាប់មេដឹកនាំវៀតណាម ថា រដ្ឋសភានឹងចាត់វិធានការចំពោះបាតុករខ្មែរដែលធ្វើបាតុកម្មទាមទារនៅមុខស្ថានទូតវៀតណាម ប្រចាំកម្ពុជា។
ការលើកឡើងនេះ ធ្វើឡើងបន្ទាប់ពី លោក ហេង សំរិន និងសមាជិករដ្ឋសភាមួយចំនួនទៀត វិលត្រឡប់ពីដំណើរទស្សនកិច្ចរយៈពេល ៣ថ្ងៃ នៅប្រទេសវៀតណាម។
សូមស្ដាប់សេចក្ដីរាយការណ៍របស់ លោក យាង សុជាមេត្តា អ្នកយកព័ត៌មានវិទ្យុអាស៊ីសេរី ដែលបានទៅកាន់អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញដូចតទៅ៖
|លោក ហេង សំរិន ប្រធានរដ្ឋសភាកម្ពុជា ត្រឡប់ពីទស្សនកិច្ចនៅប្រទេសវៀតណាម មកដល់អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ នៅថ្ងៃទី២០ ខែសីហា ឆ្នាំ២០១៤ ។|
Wednesday, August 20, 2014
On November 12, 2013, Vietnam was elected to become a member of the UN Human Rights Council (UN HRC) to uphold its commitments to promote and protect human rights as set forth in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/251. Despite being a member for almost a year, Vietnam has not demonstrated a serious commitment to the protection or the promotion of human rights for people around the world. Instead Vietnam continues to violate the fundamental rights of the people living in Vietnam, especially the Indigenous Khmer-Krom Peoples living in the Mekong Delta and its surrounding areas.
On June 20, 2014, Vietnam rejected 45 key recommendations out of 227 recommendations made by Member States during its Second Cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) held on February 5, 2014. The recommendations rejected contained important core fundamental human rights which the people in Vietnam need the most, such as freedom of religion, freedom of opinion and expression and freedom of forming independent associations.
Mr. Heiner Bielefeldt, UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief was invited to visit Vietnam from 21 – 31 July, 2014. The last visit of former UN Special Rapporteur, Mr. Abdelfattah was in 1998. In concluding his 10 days visit to Vietnam, Mr. Bielefeldt noted that “I received credible information that some individuals with whom I wanted to meet had been under heavy surveillance, warned, intimidated, harassed or prevented from travelling by the police.”
As a member of the UN HRC, Vietnam still does not allow its Indigenous Peoples in Vietnam to learn the true history of the land and the origins of its people. The Khmer-Krom people are not allowed to call their villages, districts and provinces in their original Khmer names. For example, a seal containing the word “Kampuchea-Krom” in the Khmer script ( renamed Tra Vinh) has been a contentious issue for a Khmer-Krom temple in Preah Trapeang after Vietnamese official ordered the Abbot of the temple to hand it over to the State. On August 5, 2014, according to the Khmer-Krom Buddhist followers of this temple, Major General Le Thanh Dau, Provincial Police Director came in person to ask the Abbot to hand over the seal to the authority.
On July 8, 2014, Vietnam Embassy in Phnom Penh issued a Press Release accusing the “Khmers Kampuchea-Krom Federation and “Federation of Cambodian Intellectuals and Students” for conducting peaceful protest in front of its embassy and stated that “this move an act of intervention into the sovereignty and internal affairs of Vietnam, going contrary to the laws of the Kingdom of Cambodia.” If Mr. Tran Van Thong did not fabricate the true history of Mekong Delta during his interview with Radio Free Asia by claiming that Kampuchea-Krom belong to Vietnam a long time ago, then the Khmer-Krom people and the Khmer youths in Cambodia would not conduct a protest to demand a public apology to the Cambodian people for making such a statement. The Vietnam Embassy in Cambodia did not send a representative to receive the petition letter from the peaceful protesters.
On August 13, 2014, the Vietnamese spokesman Le Hai Binh demanded Cambodia punish the protesters who burned Vietnam’s flag during the protest on August 12, 2014. “Vietnam demands that Cambodia strictly try these extremists in accordance with the law and take effective measures to prevent similar actions from repeating in the future,” said Mr. Binh. On August 15, Cambodian Ministry of Interior Spokesman, Mr. Khieu Sopheak told Radio Free Asia during his interview that the flag burning incident during a protest is simply “expressing their opinions in a democratic country.”
Vietnam continues to violate the basic fundamental rights and freedoms of its people living within its border and in Cambodia. In Kampuchea-Krom, the Khmer-Krom people are prohibited to learn their true history and call their homeland by their original names. Such action clearly demonstrates to the world that Vietnam does not uphold its commitment to the promotion and protection of human rights, and thus should have its position as a member of the UN Human Rights Council be reconsidered.