ព័ត៌មានក្ដីៗពី វិទ្យុ សំឡេងកម្ពុជាក្រោម (VOICE OF KAMPUCHEA-KROM)

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

ក្រុម​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​នៅ​អូស្ត្រាលី​បដិសេធ​ការ​បញ្ជូន​មក​កម្ពុជា

ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​នៅ​កោះ Nauru បាន​ថ្លែង​ថា ពួក​គេ​នឹង​បដិសេធ​សំណើ​តាំង​លំនៅ​ថ្មី​របស់​អូស្ត្រាលី នៅ​ក្នុង​កម្ពុជា បន្ទាប់​ពី​មាន​ការ​តវ៉ា​នៅ​លើ​កោះ​ជាមួយ​ទូត​អូស្ត្រាលី កាល​ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ ខណៈ​មាន​ហេតុ​ការណ៍​បង្ក​របួស​ខ្លួន​ឯង និង​ការ​ប៉ុន​ប៉ង​ធ្វើ​អត្តឃាត។
ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​អ៊ីរ៉ង់​ម្នាក់ ដែល​មិន​ប្រាប់​ឈ្មោះ​ហើយ​និយាយ​តាង​នាម​ឲ្យ​អ្នក​រស់​នៅ​ក្នុង​ជំរំ​គ្រួសារ​នៅ​លើ​កោះ​បាន​ប្រាប់ ភ្នំពេញ ប៉ុស្តិ៍ កាល​ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ​ថា ការ​យល់​ឃើញ​ជា​ទូទៅ​ថា កម្ពុជា ជា​ប្រទេស​ក្រី​ក្រ​និង​ហិង្សា មាន​ន័យ​ថា គ្មាន​អ្នក​ណា​ម្នាក់​នៅ​ក្នុង​ជំរំ​នឹង​ចង់​ទទួល​យក​សំណើ​តាំង​លំនៅ​ថ្មី​នេះ​ទេ។
លោក​បន្ត​ថា៖ «ប្រជាជន​នៅ​ទី​នេះ​គិត​ស្ថានភាព​អាក្រក់​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ព្រោះ​កម្ពុជា​ជា​ប្រទេស​ក្រីក្រ។ មាន​អំពើ​ល្មើស​ច្រើន ប្រវតិ្ត​នៃ​ការ​សម្លាប់​និង​រំលោភ​បំពាន។ គ្មាន​អ្នក​ណា​ម្នាក់​នៅ​ទី​នេះ​ចង់​ទៅ​កម្ពុជា​ទេ»។
មន្រ្តី​កម្ពុជា​កាល​ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ​បាន​បញ្ជាក់​ថា ដំណាក់​កាល​សាក​ល្បង​នៃ​ការ​តាំង​លំនៅ​ថ្មី​នឹង​ចាប់​ផ្តើម​នៅ​ចុង​ខែ​នេះ។
ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​បាន​បញ្ជាក់​ថា៖ «[ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន] គ្មាន​អ្វី​ត្រូវ​បាត់​បង់​ទេ គឺ​នឹង​មាន​អត្តឃាត ប្រសិន​បើ​វា​បន្ត​បែប​នេះ។ ពួក​គេ​អាច​ត្រឹម​បញ្ជូន​សាកសព​ទៅ​កម្ពុជា»
ក្នុង​អំឡុង​បាតុកម្ម​ដែល​មាន​មនុស្ស​ជាង ១០០ នាក់ កាល​ពី​ព្រឹក​ម្សិល​មិញ នៅ​ក្រៅ​ស្ថានទូត​អូស្រ្តាលី ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​បាន​អំពាវ​នាវ​ឲ្យ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​អូស្រ្តាលី ចេញ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ការពារ​បណ្តោះ​អាសន្ន​ដល់​ពួក​គេ ខណៈ​ដែល​មន្រ្តី​និយាយ​ថា ពួក​គេ​នឹង​ចេញ​ឲ្យ​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​នៅ​កោះ Christmas ដែល​បាន​មក​ដល់​លើ​ទូក​ដូច​អ្នក​ទាំង​ឡាយ​នៅ​កោះ Nauru ដែរ។
ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​អ៊ីរ៉ង់ បាន​ថ្លែង​ថា៖ «[អូស្រ្តាលី] កំពុង​ព្យាយាម​បង្ខំ​មនុស្ស​ឲ្យ​ទៅ​កម្ពុជា។ យើង​មិន​អាច​ទ្រាំទ្រ​បាន​ទេ។ វា​ពិត​ជា​ល្បែង​កខ្វក់​ដែល​ពួកគេ​កំពុង​លេង។ [ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ] មាន​ការ​ប៉ុន​ប៉ង​ធ្វើ​អត្តឃាត និង​បង្ក​របួស​ខ្លួន​ឯង [ក្នុង​ជំរំ]»។
ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​បាន​បន្ត​ថា ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​ម្នាក់​ទៀត​ដែល​គេ​រាយការណ៍​ថា បាន​អារ​ក​ខ្លួន​ឯង​បន្ទាប់​ពី​ឮ​ដំណឹង​ថា ខ្លួន​មិន​ទទួល​បាន​ទិដ្ឋាការ​បណ្តោះ​អាសន្ន​នៅ​អូស្ត្រាលី​នោះ ពុំ​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ឮ​ដំណឹង​ទេ ប៉ុន្តែ កូន​ស្រី​អាយុ ១៤ ឆ្នាំ​របស់​បុរស​នេះ​បាន​ទៅ​ដឹក​នាំ​បាតុកម្ម​ប្រឆាំង​នឹង​កិច្ច​ព្រម​ព្រៀង ហើយ​បាន​បដិសេធ​មិន​ផឹក ឬ​ញ៉ាំ​រយៈ​ពេល ២ ថ្ងៃ។
ក្មេង​ស្រី​ម្នាក់​ទៀត ដែល​លេប​សាប៊ូ​បោក​ខោ​អាវ បណ្តាល​ឲ្យ​ក្អួត​ឈាម​នោះ​បាន​សះ​ស្បើយ​នៅ​មន្ទីរពេទ្យ ទីក្រុង​ស៊ីដនី កាល​ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ បន្ទាប់​ពី​ត្រូវ​បាន​បញ្ជូន​តាម​ផ្លូវ​អាកាស​ពី​កោះ​កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ចុង​សប្តាហ៍។
ម្សិល​មិញ គឺជា​ថ្ងៃ ទី៤ នៃ​បាតុកម្ម​លើ​កោះ​ប្រឆាំង​នឹង​ផែនការ​តាំង​លំនៅ​ថ្មី ដែល​សម្បូរ​ទៅ​ដោយ​ករណី​ប៉ុន​ប៉ង​ធ្វើ​អត្តឃាត​និង​បង្ក​របួស​ខ្លួន​ឯង​ក្នុង​ចំណោម​កុមារ។
មន្រ្តី​ពី​ស្ថានទូត​អូស្រ្តាលី​នៅ​ភ្នំពេញ និង​លោក Scott Morrison រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី​អន្តោ​ប្រវេសន៍ ពុំ​ឆ្លើយ​តប​នឹង​ការ​សុំ​ការ​អត្ថាធិប្បាយ​ទេ កាល​ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ។
លោក Morrison ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​មើល​ឃើញ​ថា ជា​តារា​កំពុង​រះ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី Tony Abbott បាន​ចុះ​កិច្ច​ព្រម​ព្រៀង​នៅ​ក្រសួង​មហា​ផ្ទៃ កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​សុក្រ ទន្ទឹម​នឹង​ពេល​ជន​ស្នើ​សុំ​សិទិ្ធ​ជ្រក​កោន​មួយ​ចំនួន​ព្យាយាម​ធ្វើ​អត្តឃាត។
ការ​ចុះ​ហត្ថលេខា​នេះ​បាន​ធ្វើ​ឡើង បន្ទាប់​ពី​ការ​ចរចា​ដោយ​សម្ងាត់​រវាង​ប្រទេស​ទាំង​ពីរ ចាប់​តាំង​ពី​លទ្ធភាព​ក្នុង​ការ​បញ្ជូន​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​មក​កម្ពុជា​ត្រូវ​បាន​លើក​ឡើង កាល​ពី ខែ​កុម្ភៈ ក្នុង​ជំនួប​រវាង​លោក​ស្រី Julie Bishop រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី​ការ​បរទេស​អូស្ត្រាលី ជាមួយ​លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី ហ៊ុន សែន។
លោក​ស្រី Bishop បាន​ប្រាប់​ទូរទស្សន៍ ABC កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​អាទិត្យ​ថា កិច្ច​ព្រម​ព្រៀង​នឹង​ផ្តល់​ប្រយោជន៍​ដល់​កម្ពុជា។ លោក​ស្រី​បន្ត​ថា៖ «កម្ពុជា ចង់​យក​មនុស្ស​ចូល​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​ខ្លួន​ដែល​អាច​ជួយ​ឲ្យ​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​រីក​ចម្រើន។ ខ្ញុំ​មិន​គិត​ថា​ខ្ញុំ​ឬ​ក៏​អ្នក​ទេ អាច​ប្រាប់​ថា កម្ពុជា​មិន​អាច​ក្លាយ​ជា​ទីតាំង​សម្រាប់​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​នោះ»។
មន្រ្តី​កម្ពុជា​កាល​ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ​បាន​ការពារ​កិច្ច​ព្រម​ព្រៀង​នេះ​ដោយ​បញ្ជាក់​របាយ​ការណ៍​មុនៗ​ថា កម្ពុជា​នឹង​យក​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​មួយ​ចំនួន​តូច​ជា​បឋម​សិន បន្ទាប់​ពី​មន្រ្តី បាន​ចុះ​ទៅ​ពិនិត្យ​នៅ​កោះ Nauru។
ក្នុង​សុន្ទរកថា​ថ្លែង​ទៅ​កាន់​និស្សិត​សាកល​វិទ្យាល័យ​កាល​ពី​ម្សិល​មិញ លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី ហ៊ុន សែន បាន​ថ្លែង​ថា មាន​ផែនទី​បង្ហាញ​ផ្លូវ​ច្បាស់​លាស់ ក្នុង​ការ​ទទួល​យក​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​មក​តាំង​លំនៅ​ថ្មី​នៅ​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា។
លោក​បាន​បន្ត​ថា កម្ពុជា​នឹង​ទទួល​យក​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​មួយ​ចំនួន​ពី​អូស្រ្តាលី ផ្អែក​លើ​គោល​ការណ៍​ស្ម័គ្រ​ចិត្ត។ គ្មាន​អ្នក​ណា​ម្នាក់​ត្រូវ​បង្ខំ​ពួក​គេ​ឲ្យ​មក​កម្ពុជា​ទេ។ កម្ពុជា​មាន​ផែនទី​បង្ហាញ​ផ្លូវ​ច្បាស់ ក្នុង​ការ​ទទួល​យក​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​ទាំង​នេះ ហើយ​គ្មាន​អ្នក​ណា​នឹង​ស្ម័គ្រ​ចិត្ត​មក​កម្ពុជា​ទេ ប្រសិន​គេ​មិន​ដឹង​ថា កម្ពុជា​ជា​ប្រទេស​បែប​ណា​នោះ។
លោក ឡុង វីសាលោ រដ្ឋ​លេខាធិការ​ក្រសួង​ការ​បរទេស បាន​ប្រាប់​អ្នក​យក​ព័ត៌មាន​ថា ក្រុម​មន្រ្តី​នឹង​ត្រូវ​បញ្ជូន​ទៅ​កោះ Nauru ដើម្បី​ធ្វើ​ការ​វាយ​តម្លៃ​លើ​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន។
លោក​បន្ត​ថា៖ «យើង​នឹង​បញ្ជូន​មន្រ្តី​ទៅ​កោះ Nauru ដើម្បី​ជូន​ដំណឹង​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​អំពី​កម្ពុជា។ ដូច​ជា ការ​រស់​នៅ ប្រពៃណី​ទំនៀម​ទម្លាប់ និង​សាសនា»។ លោក​បន្ថែម​ថា ចំនួន​និង​ពេល​វេលា​នៃ​ការ​មក​ដល់​របស់​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​មិន​ទាន់​សម្រេច​ទេ ហើយ​ទីតាំង​សម្រាប់​ពួកគេ​រស់​នៅ​ក៏​មិន​ទាន់​កំណត់​ដែរ។
លោក​បញ្ជាក់​ថា៖ «ការ​តាំង​លំនៅ​បណ្តោះ​អាសន្ន និង​ទីតាំង​មក​ដល់​គឺ​នៅ​ភ្នំពេញ ប៉ុន្តែ​យើង​នៅ​តែ​មិន​ដឹង​ទីតាំង​ទេ។ ការ​តាំង​លំនៅ​ជា​អចិន្រៃ្តយ៍ និង​ការ​ធ្វើ​សមាហរណ​កម្ម​ក្នុង​សហគមន៍​កម្ពុជា​នៅ​មិន​ទាន់​ដឹង​ទេ​ប៉ុន្តែ​គឺ​នៅ​ក្រៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ»។
លោក​បាន​បន្ត​ថា៖ «យើង​មិន​ដឹង​ថា ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​ប៉ុន្មាន​នាក់​នឹង​មក​ដល់​ទេ ប៉ុន្តែ​លើក​ដំបូង​មាន​ចំនួន​តិច​តួច។ ប្រសិន​មាន​បញ្ហា​ក្នុង​គម្រោង​សាក​ល្បង [កិច្ច​ព្រម​ព្រៀង] នឹង​ត្រូវ​ធ្វើ​វិសោធន​កម្ម»។
លោក​បន្ត​ថា ទីភ្នាក់ងារ​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​របស់​អង្គការ​សហ​ប្រជាជាតិ (UNHCR) នឹង​សហការ​ជាមួយ​នឹង​អាជ្ញាធរ ប៉ុន្តែ ថា គេ​មិន​ទាន់​ពិភាក្សា​ពី​កិច្ច​សហ​ប្រតិបតិ្ត​ការ​នេះ​ជាមួយ​នឹង​ទីភ្នាក់ងារ​នេះ​ទេ។
លោក Vivian Tan អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ការិយាល័យ​ថ្នាក់​តំបន់​របស់ UNHCR នៅ​បាងកក ថ្លែង​តាម​អ៊ីមែល​ថា ប្រសិន​បើ​គម្រោង​នេះ​បរាជ័យ វា​នឹង​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​ជីវិត​របស់​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​កាន់​តែ​មាន​ហានិភ័យ​បន្ថែម​ទៀត។
លោក​ស្រី​បន្ត​ថា៖ «ការ​ពិត​ដែល​កម្ពុជា​មាន​ប្រព័ន្ធ​ជ្រក​កោន​ដំណាក់​កាល​ដំបូង មាន​ការ​ភ័យ​ខ្លាច​ថា អាច​មាន​ការ​ប្រព្រឹត្ត​ទៅ​លើ​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​មាន​ស្រាប់​នៅ​កម្ពុជា​ខុស​ពី​អ្នក​តាំង​លំនៅ​ថ្មី​ពី​កោះ Nauru ហើយ​បើ​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​មិន​អាច​ធ្វើ​សមាហរណ​កម្ម​ក្នុង​សង្គម​កម្ពុជា មាន​លទ្ធភាព​ដែល​ពួក​គេ​អាច​ប្រថុយ​ជីវិត​ផ្លាស់​ទៅ​ប្រទេស​ផ្សេង​ទៀត​ដើម្បី​ស្វែង​រក​ទី​សុវត្ថិភាព និង​ស្ថិរភាព»៕

Protest swells in Hong Kong

UNPO Participates in Parallel Forum on the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples

In light of the High Level Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, known as the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples (WCIP), held on 22-3 September 2014, the Indigenous Movement organized a Parallel Forum in Amsterdam between 25 and 26 September 2014.
The aim of the conference was to address key issues concerning the protection and promotion of indigenous rights, including how businesses and the global economy impact indigenous rights and how climate change is transforming indigenous lives. The conference also addressed the outcome of the WCIP, and panelists discussed what can be done to realize the Outcome Document and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People. UNPO participated in the panel "Plan of Action: How can the EU, and other Organizations Promote the Protection of Indigenous Peoples Rights".
The two-day event also allowed for many indigenous representatives to have their voices heard alongside experts and high-level officials as a counter-balance the lack of official participation in WCIP; indigenous representatvies only had a say during the preparatory process of the Outcome Document. 
The Outcome Document, which was adopted on Monday [22 September 2014], actually made no great advances in terms of content of the Declaration, but it has still been hailed as a success, most notably the Secretary General, Mr Ban Ki-moon.
State representatives agreed to many commitments. They agreed to consult, cooperate and obtain the consent of indigenous groups before implementing projects which affect their lands, territories or resources. They agreed to draw up national action plans to protect the rights of indigenous groups. They agreed to empower indigenous youth, women and peoples with disabilities. They agreed to promote the right of every indigenous child. They agreed to improve access to quality education, health and socio-economic programmes, access to justice. They agreed to intensify efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence.
But will this Outcome Document help bridge the gap between promises and results? Will the WCIP serve as a turning point for translating the Declaration into concrete action?
For UNPO serious concerns remain. Indigenous peoples are disproportionately affected by poverty, discrimination, exclusion, and marginalization. This is unfortunately the case for all of our indigenous members: from Khmer Krom to Crimean Tatars, from the Assyrians to the Mapuche. The list of questions and concerns is long, and the amount of human rights abuses faced by our indigenous Members is truly staggering, and saddening.
So, how can the EU and other organizations promote the protection of indigenous peoples and their rights?You can find the speech delivered by a UNPO representative here.

Separatist Regions

Voters in Scotland opted to stay part of the U.K. rather than go it alone as an independent country in a referendum on Sept. 18. But there are several other separatist movements in Europe where the call for autonomy continues to rage.
Scotland, U.K.
'Our future in our hands'

Referendum result: Voters in Scotland rejected a heated bid for independence in a referendum on Sept. 18. The tally showed 55% of voters rejected independence and 45% favored it, a convincing win that defied polls suggesting the vote was neck-and-neck.
They said: Pro-independence campaigners argued that the U.K. government in London was aloof and deaf to Scottish voters' wishes. Independence would have meant that taxes raised in Scotland would have been spent in Scotland on benefits such as a better safety net for the poor.
Scots nationalists: Wanted to keep the pound and seek a currency union with the remainder of Britain—an arrangement opposed by all three of the U.K.'s major political parties. They would have banished Britain's Trident nuclear submarine fleet, based at Faslane, Scotland. 

Yes Scotland, which spearheaded the pro-independence campaign, represented a bewildering array of outfits working to persuade Scots to ditch the union. Members ranged from environmentalist groups to a collective for artists and writers who compose poems and make films touting independence. Also on the roster were: Cabbies for Yes, Africans for Yes and Architects for Yes, among others.

Photo: "Yes" campaigners in Glasgow, Scotland, in Aug. 2014.
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Catalonia, Spain
'Spain is stealing from us'

Referendum: Catalan separatists plan a non-binding vote on independence on Nov. 9. The government has declared it illegal and said it will not take place.
They say: Central government drains the region of taxes without respecting its language and culture.
Polls show: 80% support a referendum in Catalonia. If the vote were to take place, 47.1% would vote for independence, 19.3% against and 8.6% for more devolution—the rest being undecided or unwilling to vote.
Catalonia: Spain's largest region by GDP—nearly 19% of the country's total—a vital tax contributor and the country's leading exporter. 

Latest studies on net fiscal transfers between Spanish regions show the gap between what Catalonia pays in taxes and the expenditure it receives from all governments to be 7.7% of the region’s GDP. In a recent study this year, the Spanish government used another methodology—based on the benefits received by citizens in each region—and reduced the figure to a 4.4% deficit. Business executives are taking note of the debate, with 46% of the executives surveyed in a recent PricewaterhouseCoopers survey saying the independence push was having a negative or very negative impact on the Catalan economy and on future investments.

Photo: Pro-independence demonstrators in Barcelona, Spain, in Jan. 2014.
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Flanders, Belgium
The Flemish Movement

Referendum: No plans. Belgium is currently in coalition-formation talks including the Flemish separatist N-VA (Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie) party. 
They say: Transfers to the poorer region of Wallonia rely on Flanders’ taxes—and they don’t even share a language.
Polls show: In May’s election, the N-VA had 20.3% of the vote nationally, compared with 17.4% in the last election in 2010.
Flanders covers: 44.8% of the region and provides 57% of national GDP. The Flemish unemployment rate (5.1%) was in 2013 considerably below that of the EU 28 (10.8%) and Belgian (8.5%) averages.

Belgium is in unprecedented territory as it attempts to form a federal coalition government with only one party from Wallonia. Along with Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie (N-VA), the Flemish separatist fiscal conservatives who won the most votes overall nationwide, Flemish liberals Open VLD and Flemish center-right CD&V, there’s the Francophone MR. Still, the N-VA has eased up on its separatist rhetoric recently, as reforms agreed when the last government took office have handed considerable powers to the regions. This summer’s performance by the 'Red Devils' in the soccer World Cup has also led to a brief resurgence of Belgian national feeling.

Photo: Flemish separatists in Ghent, Belgium, in July 2013.
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Basque Country, Spain
The Path After Violence
Referendum: No plans.
They have: Their own police corps and manage their own public finances with virtually no intervention from the central government.
Polls show: 59% would support holding a referendum for independence, to which 37% would vote “yes” and 33% would vote “no”—the rest being undecided or unwilling to vote.
Basque separatism: Spans two countries: the communities of Basque Country and Navarre in Spain, and the French Basque Country in France. In Spain, Basque Country and Navarre (not shown on map) account for about 7% of the country's gross domestic product. The regions collect their own taxes and compensate the central government for services provided, such as defense and foreign relations.
The secessionist debate has been put on hold since ETA, the armed wing of the Basque separatist movement—considered a terrorist organization and blamed for the deaths of more than 825 people—agreed to lay down arms in 2011. The last push for a more sovereign Basque Country took place in 2005, when the Spanish parliament rejected a proposal by the previous Basque president to turn the region into a Puerto Rico-like freely associated country. Despite a clear nationalist majority in the parliament of the Basque Country region of Spain, secession is not currently on the political agenda.

Photo: Basque separatists near Mondragon, Spain, in June 2014.
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Sardinia, Italy
‘Whatever the outcome, we have already won’

Referendum: No plans yet. Three pro-independence parties are currently represented in the local government coalition, which has already been granted more legislative powers and a special status.
They say: Political leaders are claiming the right to self-determination by either asking for more autonomy from Italy or complete independence. They base their request on the view that Sardinia has a different cultural heritage and that the economy could benefit from the region’s independence.
Polls show: About 40% of the local population would be in favor of independence, according to an unofficial survey run by the University of Cagliari in 2012.
Sardinia: Has a fragmented political landscape, with more than five local parties advocating for the region’s secession.

Leaders of several pro-independence parties claim that a “yes” victory in Scotland would provide a significant lift to their so far unsuccessful efforts to be granted greater autonomy or full independence from Italy. Several representatives of the main political parties will be in Edinburgh on the day of the referendum to observe the voting process and take lessons back to the island. Pro-independence politicians claim that key takeaways from the “Scottish lesson” would be easily transferred to Sardinia as the two regions share a similar identity. “Both Scottish people and Sardinians share a strong connection to the land, also intended as landscape and nature. There is also a very strong identity awareness,” says pro-independence political consultant Paola Bonesu.
Protest held in June 2014 organized by Sardigna Natzione Indipendentzia

Catalonia Unveils Independence Referendum Plans

Spanish Prime Minister Seeking to File Government Lawsuit to Stop Vote.

Supporters of secession hold letters forming the word 'independence' at a rally in Barcelona on Saturday.European Pressphoto Agency
MADRID—Catalonia's government outlined a plan to poll the wealthy region's 5.4 million voters in a nonbinding referendum on independence, even as Spain's prime minister prepared to hold an emergency cabinet meeting Monday to launch a lawsuit aimed at blocking the vote.
Tensions between Barcelona and Madrid rose sharply on Saturday after Catalan leader Artur Mas signed a decree formally convoking a Nov. 9 referendum, defying warnings by Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy that the vote would be unconstitutional. The secretary-general of Spain's governing Popular Party, María Dolores de Cospedal, said Mr. Mas had committed a politically "suicidal and irresponsible" act that was designed "to cover up incompetence."
On Sunday, Catalan Vice President Joana Ortega said that the planned referendum was "legal, constitutional and statutory" and that the regional government would proceed on the assumption that the courts wouldn't block it.
She said authorities were preparing more than 10,000 ballot boxes and six million ballots.
Catalans age 16 and over will be eligible to vote, she said. The government unveiled an informational online video with the slogan: "Remember you have an appointment on Nov. 9. You decide." A big electronic clock was installed in downtown Barcelona over the weekend, counting down the days and hours to the poll.
In Madrid, the Council of State, the central government's highest advisory body, met Sunday to review a legal strategy to block the Catalan referendum in Spain's Constitutional Court, officials said.
Mr. Rajoy, who returned over the weekend from a visit to China, was set to preside Monday over a cabinet meeting, the last step before the government files suit.
While in China, Mr. Rajoy chastised Mr. Mas about "the mess he's gotten himself in" by calling for the referendum.
Should the court agree to hear the case, Catalonia would be barred by injunction from holding the vote until a final decision is rendered, and that could take months.
Mr. Mas has dropped hints that he would abide by a court decision, but he is facing pressure at home from many citizens groups that want to go ahead with the referendum regardless of the circumstances.
Leaders of two Catalan nationalist groups, the Catalan National Assembly and Omnium Cultural, said that if the court issues an injunction against the vote, activists should defy it by taking to the streets at once and making preparations for the referendum.
"If there is a sentence, a legal warning against the exercise of democracy, we think that the best response is more democracy," said Muriel Casals, president of Omnium. The Catalan National Assembly and Omnium have organized some massive street demonstrations in recent years, including one on Sept. 11 in which hundreds of thousands of Catalans formed a miles long "V"—for vote—in downtown Barcelona.
"The idea is to move forward under the assumption there will be a vote on Nov. 9 while waiting to see if the government of Spain commits some big political mistake," said Salvador Cardus, a sociologist and member of the National Transition Advisory Council, a group of intellectuals preparing a road map to independence for Catalonia's government. "It will be a question of seeing which side maintains composure and a cool head until Nov. 9."
Mr. Mas has indicated that if it is impossible to hold the referendum, he might call early parliamentary elections to serve as a proxy, allowing voters an opportunity to choose a slate of pro-secession candidates.
Catalan separatists say the central government bleeds the region of tax revenue without offering deference to its language and culture. The central government says Catalonia receives economic benefits from being a part of Spain and has sufficient autonomy under Spain's constitution.
Some Catalans didn't approve of the direction Mr. Mas's government was moving in. Catalan Civil Society, an anti-independence group, issued a statement describing the election decree as "an abuse of the law since its intention is to lend an appearance of legality to acts that are clearly contrary to the Spanish Constitution." It accused Mr. Mas of calling the referendum to divert attention from a tax-evasion scandal involving former Catalan leader Jordi Pujol, Mr. Mas's former mentor and ex-leader of the governing Convergence and Union coalition.
"We ask our fellow citizens not to support people who wish to break down the internal bonds of Catalan society and lead us into a situation of tension and conflict, the consequences of which are impossible to predict," the statement said.

Hong Kong: What is life like as a protester?

Monday, September 29, 2014

បាតុកម្ម​នៅ​ហុងកុង​បន្ត​រីកសាយ របួស​ ២៦​ នាក់

ប៉ូលីស​ប្រឆាំង​កុប្បកម្ម​បន្ត​ប្រឈម​មុខ​ជាមួយ​ពួក​បាតុករ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ទី​ក្រុង​ហុងកុង​បន្ទាប់ពី​ការ​អង្គុយ​នៅ​ពេល​យប់​រីកកាន់​តែ​ធំឡើង​កាលពី​ថ្ងៃ​អាទិត្យ ។

មាន​មនុស្ស​យ៉ាង​ហោច​ណាស់​ក៏​ ២៦ ​នាក់​ដែរ ​បាន​រង​របួស​នៅ​ក្នុង​ការ​ប៉ះ​ទង្គិច​គ្នា​នេះ។គ្រាប់​បែក​ផ្សែង ​មិន​បាន​កំ​ញើញ​បាតុករ​រាប់​ពាន់​នាក់​ដែល​បាន​ប្រមូល​ផ្តុំ​គ្នាទាម​ទារ​ឲ្យ​មាន​កំណែទម្រង់​តាម​បែប​លទ្ធិ​ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យពី​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ទីក្រុង​ប៉េកាំង ។​ បាតុករ​ម្នាក់​បាន​អំពាវនាវ​ដល់​រដ្ឋាភិបាល ឲ្យឆ្លើយ​តប​នឹង​បាតុកម្ម​អស់​រយៈ​ពេល​ប៉ុន្មាន​ថ្ងៃ​នេះ។

មនុស្ស​ជា​ច្រើ​ន​នៅ​ក្នុង​ហ្វូង​បាតុករ​បាន​ស្រែក​ពាក្យ​ស្លោក​ដោយ​មាន​ការ​ពាក់​របាំង​មុខ​ដើម្បី​ការ ពារ​ទប់​ទល់​ការ​បាញ់​សារធាតុ​គីមី​មក​ពី​ប៉ូលីស ។ 

​ការ​ប៉ះ​ទង្គិច ​បាន​កើត​មាន​ឡើងភ្លាមៗ​បន្ទាប់​ពី​លោក Leung Chun-ying នាយក​ប្រតិបត្តិ​ទី​ក្រុង​ហុង កុង ​បាន​និយាយ​ថា ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​នឹង​ចាប់​ផ្តើម​ការ​ចរចា​ថ្មី​មួយ​ឈុត​ទៀត​ស្តីពី​ការ​ធ្វើ​កំណែ​ទម្រង់​ការ​បោះ ឆ្នោត។ ​លោក​មិន​បាន​ផ្តល់​ពេល​វេលាសម្រាប់​ការ​ពិគ្រោះ​គ្នា​នោះ​ទេ ។

​បាតុករ​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ផ្នែក​មួយ​ នៃចលនាមិន​ស្តាប់​បង្គាប់​ស៊ីវិល​ដែល​បាន​អំពាវនាវ​ឲ្យ​មាន​អន្តរាគមន៍​(លូកដៃ)​ ខាង​នយោបាយ​តិច​ជាង​មុនពី​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ទីក្រុង​ប៉េកាំង​នៅ​ក្នុង​អតីត​ដែនដី​អណានិគម​អង់គ្លេស​មួយ​នេះ ៕

ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃ​ធ្វើ​សន្និសីទ​កាសែត​ស្ដីពី​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​ពី​អូស្ត្រាលី​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ ២៩ កញ្ញា

ពលរដ្ឋ​ឈរ​លើក​បដា​តវ៉ា​នៅ​ជិត​រដ្ឋ​សភា ប្រឆាំង​ការ​ទទួល​យក​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​ដែល​សុំ​សិទ្ធិ​ជ្រក​កោន​នៅ​ប្រទេស​អូស្ត្រាលី មក​កម្ពុជា ខណៈ​ប៉ូលិស​រារាំង​មិន​ឲ្យ​ទៅ​ក្បែរ​ស្ថានទូត​អូស្ត្រាលី កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៦ កញ្ញា ២០១៤ ។ 

សួង​មហាផ្ទៃ ប្រកាស​ធ្វើ​សន្និសីទ​កាសែត​លាត​ត្រដាង​ខ្លឹមសារ​នៃ​អនុស្សរណៈ​យោគយល់​គ្នា​រវាង​កម្ពុជា​និង​អូស្ត្រាលី ស្ដីពី​ការ​តាំង​ទីលំនៅ​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​ផ្ទេរ​ពី​ប្រទេស​អូស្ត្រាលី ឲ្យ​មក​នៅ​កម្ពុជា។
​សេចក្ដី​ប្រកាស​ព័ត៌មាន​របស់​ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃ ចេញ​ផ្សាយ​នៅ​រសៀល​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៨ ខែ​កញ្ញា បញ្ជាក់​ថា សន្និសីទ​កាសែត​នេះ​នឹង​រៀបចំ​នៅ​ក្នុង​បរិវេណ​ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៩ ខែ​កញ្ញា វេលា​ម៉ោង ៩​ព្រឹក។ ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃ ក៏​ថែមទាំង​ប្រកាស​អញ្ជើញ​អ្នក​សារព័ត៌មាន​ជាតិ​អន្តរជាតិ​ឲ្យ​ចូល​រួម​ទៀត​ផង។
​កាលពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៦ ខែ​កញ្ញា រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា បាន​ចុះ​អនុស្សរណៈ​យោគយល់​គ្នា​ស្ដីពី​ការ​ទទួល​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​ដែល​កំពុង​ជ្រកកោន​នៅ​ប្រទេស​អូស្ត្រាលី មក​រស់​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​​កម្ពុជា។ ក្នុង​ពិធី​នោះ​មាន​អ្នក​កាសែត​ជាតិ អន្តរជាតិ ចូលរួម​យក​ព័ត៌មាន​រាប់​សិប​នាក់ ប៉ុន្តែ​ភាគី​ទាំង​សង​ខាង​បែរ​ជា​មិន​ឆ្លើយ​សំណួរ​អ្នក​សួរ​ឡើយ​សូម្បី​តែ​មួយ​ម៉ាត់។
បន្ទាប់ពី​នោះ​មក​ពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​ភាគ​ច្រើន​លើសលប់​បាន​ប្រតិកម្ម​នឹង​ទង្វើ​របស់​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​នៃ​ប្រទេស​ទាំង​ពីរ។ ពលរដ្ឋ​រិះគន់​តាម​បណ្ដាញ​សង្គម​ហ្វេសប៊ុក (Facebook) ដោយ​គូរ​រូប​ថ្លុក​ចំអក​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា អ្នក​ខ្លះ​សរសេរ​សារ​រិះគន់​ធ្ងន់ៗ​ផង​ក៏​មាន។ មិន​តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ពលរដ្ឋ​ចេញ​មុខ​ប្រឆាំង ដោយ​ធ្វើ​បាតុកម្ម​តាម​ដង​ផ្លូវ​ទៀត​ផង។ មក​ទល់​ពេល​នេះ សាធារណជន​ទូទៅ​ទទួល​បាន​ព័ត៌មាន​តិចតួច​បំផុត​ជុំវិញ​គម្រោង​ទទួល​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន​នេះ៕
http://www.rfa.org/khmer/news/politics/press-conf-announcement-09282014065851.html

Australia signs controversial refugee transfer deal with Cambodia

Nauru refugees protest ‘cruel deal’ as advocates warn Cambodia is too poor and corrupt to take refugees.
The Australian immigration minister, Scott Morrison, has signed a memorandum of understanding in Phnom Penh that cements a plan for refugees who sought Australia’s protection to be ultimately resettled in Cambodia instead.
Families in the Nauru detention centre protest against Australia’s new deal to resettle refugees in Cambodia. Photograph: Supplied

But refugees on Nauru have staged protests saying they will all refuse to move to Cambodia in what they describe as a “cruel deal” that will keep them in detention forever.
In an opulent function room under a blazing chandelier, Morrison and Cambodia’s interior minister, Sar Kheng, signed the necessary documents without saying a word, the silence interrupted only by the sound of smashing glass – as a waiter tripped over – and questions shouted out from a phalanx of journalists gathered behind a gold rope.

refugee resettlement deal
Scott Morrison signs the refugee resettlement deal with Cambodia on Friday.Photograph: Lauren Crothers/The Guardian

A joint statement released after Morrison sped off in a car said: “Under this MOU, Australia will use its expertise and experience to assist Cambodia to strengthen settlement support provided to refugees in Cambodia.

refugee resettlement deal
After Australia’s immigration minister, Scott Morrison, signed the deal with Cambodia in silence the waiting media was handed this statement. Photograph: Lauren Crothers/The Guardian

“As part of this commitment, Australia will bear the direct costs of the arrangement, including initial support to refugees, and relevant capacity building for Cambodia to ensure it has the appropriate resources to receive and integrate the refugees successfully.” It said the deal did not breach the refugee convention.
Over the course of the past few days news of the mostly secretive agreement – which was proposed by the foreign minister, Julie Bishop, in February – and which Cambodian foreign ministry officials this week confirmed would be signed on Friday – has been met with condemnation and dismay from human rights and refugee advocacy groups.
The statement released after the signing said the two countries would work with the UN high commissioner for refugees (UNHCR) to implement the deal. But the UNHCR condemned the deal, expressing deep concern at the precedent it sets. António Guterres said he hoped Australia would reconsider.
“We are seeing record forced displacement globally, with 87% of refugees now being hosted in developing countries,” Guterres said. “It’s crucial that countries do not shift their refugee responsibilities elsewhere.
“Refugees are persons who are fleeing persecution or the life-threatening effects of armed conflict. They are entitled to better treatment than being shipped from one country to the next.”
UNHCR press officer Vivian Tan later clarified that they were not involved in the deal. “Our position remains unchanged – we do not have a role in this bilateral agreement.”
Morrison has said Australia plans to give a further $40m to Cambodia over the next four years, but insists that this is for development projects and is not in exchange for the refugees.
Protesters thronged behind a barricade outside the Australian embassy in Phnom Penh on Friday morning before the signing ceremony, which was held at the interior ministry in the presence of journalists and officials from both governments.
The protesters argued that Cambodia – where gleaming Range Rovers co-exist alongside scenes of grinding poverty – is simply ill-equipped to accept refugees, particularly when its own human rights record has been so heavily scrutinised, its public health service is substandard and its courts are mired in corruption.
Misha Coleman, who heads up the Australian churches refugee taskforce, said: “Hun Sen and his ministers in the Cambodia government are rich beyond belief – and they didn’t accumulate this wealth on government salaries. They siphon money from every imaginable source: commercial contracts, aid projects, you name it.”
In a statement, the Australian Council for International Development referred to the MOU as an “unnecessarily cruel” policy.
“Refugees being sent to Cambodia are being set up to fail in a poor country,” it quoted the executive director, Marc Purcell, as saying. “Our aid money should not be used to sweeten the deal with one of our poorest neighbours. The government’s stated objectives for international aid are economic development and human development and this just looks like an inducement to take refugees off Australia’s hands,” he added.

nauru asylum seeker protest
Refugees on Nauru say they will not accept the offer of resettlement in Cambodia.Photograph: Supplied

Refugees on Nauru say they will all refuse to move to Cambodia and have staged protests against what they say is a “cruel deal” that will keep them in detention forever.
A refugee in a Nauru camp told the Guardian on Friday all those found to be refugees were united in their opposition to being sent to Cambodia.
“No one will go. People will refuse. We don’t want special treatment, we only want justice, we only want to be treated fairly. To be thrown away like rubbish, this is not fair, this is not what Australia should do.”
He said refugees and asylum seekers felt trapped on the Pacific island. “This is a cruel deal. Where can we go? We are not safe in our home countries, we cannot go to Cambodia, we are just abandoned here.”
Protests began on the island Thursday night after refugees and asylum seekers were shown a video – featuring Morrison – telling them the reintroduction of temporary protection visas would not apply to them.
“If you are currently on … Nauru, you will not be transferred to Australia,” Morrison said. “You will remain there until you either choose to return [home] or are resettled somewhere else other than Australia.”
The refugees on Nauru have been found by Australia to have a ‘well-founded fear’ of persecution if they are sent home. It is illegal for Australia to forcibly send them back to their country of origin.
Refugees said the protests were peaceful, but that some had demanded the locked gates be opened so they could protest outside. Police arrested several demonstrators. It is unclear how many.
The protests continued on Friday in the children and family camp. Men held a banner saying “what’s the difference between asylum seekers in Nauru with those on Christmas Island?” Children carried signs that read “it’s cruel”, and “it’s not fair.” Officials from the immigration department who visited camps were shouted at and told to leave.
“People are so angry, they are so distressed,” the refugee told Guardian Australia. “People don’t know what to do, they are suicidal. They say ‘this is not fair’, everybody else gets to go to Australia except us.”
The UN refugee agency said that as at 31 August there was a total of 1,084 people on Manus Island and 1,233 people in Nauru. Cambodia currently hosts 70 refugees and 20 asylum-seekers.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/26/australia-signs-refugee-deal-cambodia

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